Right to work checks have been temporarily adjusted due to coronavirus (COVID-19). This is to make it easier for employers to carry them out. More information can be found on the GOV.UK website.
It is a criminal offence to employ a person who does not have the right to work in the United Kingdom (UK).
If you employ someone who doesn’t have current and valid permission to do the job in question that would be unlawful and the employer could receive a civil penalty fine of up to £20,000 per worker.
Always carry out specific checks of original documents prior to the person starting work and diarise when their permission to work will expire. Ensure that you carry out a repeat right to work check prior to the expiry of their visa.
Full details of what is required in terms of right to work checks can be found at the link below.
If you knowingly employ someone who is not entitled to work in the UK and have carried out the required checks, you may have a defence (statutory excuse).
As an employer in Scotland you must carry out various checks to ensure all your employees are entitled to work legally in the UK. Checks also enable you to establish a statutory excuse against any civil penalty or fine in relation to illegal working.
When conducting checks, care must be taken to avoid race discrimination. As an employer you should request relevant documentation from all your employees, not just those you feel do not have permission to work in the UK. Never make assumptions based on things like appearance and accent.